Cyprus in World War II by Anastasia Yiangou download in pdf, ePub, iPad
Instead of rejoicing, as expected by the British, the Greek Cypriot hierarchy reacted angrily, because there had been no mention of enosis. This position ignored the fact that Turkey gave up all rights and claims in the Treaty of Lausanne. For the rest of his life, Grivas was devoted to that cause. The British faced two major political problems on the island. Later, after an unsuccessful try in Greek politics, he turned his attention to his original home, Cyprus, and to enosis.
In Greece, enosis was a dominant issue in politics, and pro-enosis demonstrations became commonplace in Athens. Grivas's unit almost reached Ankara during the Anatolian campaign, and he was sorely disappointed as the Greek campaign turned into disaster. Cyprus was also bombarded with radio broadcasts from Greece pressing for enosis. Ankara said that it was invoking its right under the Treaty of Guarantee to protect the Turkish Cypriots and guarantee the independence of Cyprus. That request was seconded by a petition to the secretary general from Archbishop Makarios.
He discussed his ideas with Makarios but was disappointed by the archbishop's reservations about the effectiveness of a guerrilla uprising. He returned to Cyprus in the summer of to take up his new office. The British position continued to be that the subject was an internal issue.
Britain's then foreign secretary later prime minister James Callaghan later disclosed that U. While the Greek Cypriots had at first welcomed British rule hoping that they would gradually achieve prosperity, democracy and national liberation, they were soon disillusioned. The Crimean War of had been fought for just such a purpose. The wartime governor of the island stated without equivocation that enosis was not being considered, but it is probable that the Greek Cypriots heard only those voices that they wanted to hear. However, it has been reported that excommunication was a stick used to encourage the overwhelming vote.
Britain declined this offer, and refused to let Turkey use its bases on Cyprus as part of the operation. British foreign secretary Anthony Eden, for example, hinted that the Cyprus problem would be resolved when the war had been won. Fighting for democracy was a shared ideal across many nations at the time, and their collective efforts won the fray.
Hopes were sometimes raised by the British government during the period when Britain and Greece were practically alone in the field against the Axis. Hopkinson, minister of state for the colonies, speaking in the British House of Commons, announced the withdrawal of the constitutional proposals for Cyprus in favor of an alternative plan. Women's suffrage was an option to be extended if the assembly so decided.
The Church of Cyprus had expressed its disapproval, and twenty-two Greek Cypriots declined to appear, stating that enosis was their sole political aim. Grivas, born in in the village of Trikomo about fifty kilometers northeast of Nicosia, was the son of a grain merchant.