Liberal Multiculturalism and the Fair Terms of Integration by Peter Balint download in pdf, ePub, iPad
The question arises of whether liberal multiculturalism is an umbrella framework with its own sub-groups, and if this is so, how these approaches are conceptually distinguished from one another. If liberal multiculturalism allows individuals to live their lives as they see fit, then state-sanctioned pressures that make this harder to achieve need justification against alternatives. Moreover, I extend the educational paternalism of critical republicanism to the formation of a national sense of belonging. The value of inclusion requires attention be paid to the ways in which a national culture can be rendered more hospitable.
This question is especially acute if one accepts value pluralism. Contextually, the cases of Quebec, Australia, the Netherlands and France are analysed. Good decision- making by state officials will unavoidably involve cultural interpretation.
The current political crisis indicates this nation-building project has failed. Different concepts are used interchangeably in some pieces but not in others, e. Situating the Debate Daniel Weinstock Interculturalism in Quebec has been seen as an alternative model of integration to Canadian multiculturalism.
Therefore the theoretical characterisation of multiculturalism in terms of two equally fundamental principles of respect may be misleading. Yet such a characterisation fails to recognise that multicultural policies were never implemented in the Netherlands. Liberal multiculturalism, rather than needing to be replaced, requires reworking in light of its challenges and localised practices. Yet in the institutional justifications of multicultural policies, the value of inclusion has been missed. By emphasising identity and essentialising cultural groups, multiculturalism can mask racial injustice and undermine the move to a society which is indifferent to racial differences.
This chapter questions this concern and argues that ties of identity are not the only possible ties of social cohesion, which itself is not simply some good to be maximised. In this chapter, I argue that the differences between these two competing models of integration have either been overstated or misunderstood.
The realisation of racial justice entails the achievement of a de-racialised society. The main argument of the book is that fair terms of integration are about the equal respect for individual freedom and the cultural conditions permitting its exercise p. None of these approaches avoids the problem successfully. Interculturalists differ from multiculturalists because they aspire to a different type of culturally diverse democracy.
National cultural identity may lead to sufficient social cohesion, but it is not the only viable candidate. In this chapter, I critique the liberal multicultural model and introduce as an alternative a republican model of recognition for minority languages. The key question for multiculturalism, of which liberal multiculturalism is now the most dominant strand, concerns the fair terms of integration.
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