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Nationalism, Globalization, and Africa by Michael Amoah download in pdf, ePub, iPad

Indicators of a possible transnational migration pattern were not much in evidence. However, there was a distinct gender difference with males of all races more likely to want to leave than females. While the threats of globalising uniformity are often exaggerated, they do remain real enough to have brought something else, something really new, into recognizable perspective. The definition of this new imagined community is also a profoundly spatial project. This argument lacks conviction.

South African nationalism became racially inclusive for the first time. The net effect was that South Africa's white population was continually augmented from abroad. He also serves as director of the Southern African Migration Project. Gellner's characteristic explanation of this disparity was in terms of overall social and cultural development. Many states, including some in the south, certainly have the option of responding in like manner.

The net effect was that South

Over the last several years however, nationalism has resurged in a number of countries as a reaction to the precieved effects of globalization. As many as one-quarter of respondents said that an improvement in the safety and security situation would make them change their minds.

South Africa was welcomed back into the world fold and quickly reintegrated economically into global circuits of production and trade. As Gellner points out, such rules required a sufficiently common culture and language, and the cultivation of popular assent. Obviously, consideration and stated intent do not necessarily translate into actual departure, but the figures do suggest the existence of an extremely unsettled population. In general, the research shows that South Africa's skilled population is very nervous and dissatisfied with economic and security conditions in the county. It did so by immediately declaring immigration amnesties for black South African residents from neighboring states who were in the country without proper or adequate documentation.

The second type of contemporary nationalism is based on ethnic identification demanding self rule. Interestingly, black skilled South Africans are far more dissatisfied with their levels of pay which may, in part, reflect the apartheid legacy.

Lessons of confidence, and self-confidence. This is sometimes packaged as a moral decision in which South Africa refuses to take from others what it has lost itself. The culprit, he argued, had been first-round industrialisation and urbanisation. Economic boom periods, such as in the immediate post-Second World War period and the early s, attracted considerable numbers of emigrants from Europe. Business think tanks pressed the idea that the country was already in the grip of a serious skills crisis and that it should throw open the doors to skilled persons from abroad.

The country has an advanced industrial economy and sits at the foot of a continent that is losing skills to non-African countries at an extraordinary rate. All this might indicate the necessity for a new openness to skilled people from the continent and abroad. Now however, as the global process continues its erratic and ambiguous course, the rabble has begun appearing on deck, in broad daylight. Globalisation will have to perpetuate Babel, as well as confronting all its difficulties and contradictions.

South African nationalism became