Academic > History > Download, free read

Special Relations by Howard Malchow download in pdf, ePub, iPad

First, the consequentialist can argue that, in fact, each person acting so as to benefit her friends, loved ones, promisees, etc. It is true that our very understanding of certain roles seems to involve the having of certain obligations, duties, or responsibilities. In so far as he appeared to denigrate the resolution and will of Britain and the British people, Mr.

Let us begin with option i. President, I have nothing to hide from you.

Couched in terms of reasons, rather than in terms of obligations, the latter claim does not seem at all implausible. Of course, the consequentialist has more than one possible reply to these sorts of worries about her view.

But these connections

But once the building is complete the Germans say they will be hands off. Even if such an assimilation were to be successful, we would still need an account of the basis of promissory obligations.

All that such an

Churchill spent much time and effort cultivating the relationship, which paid dividends for the war effort. Our efforts have been sincere and without any political motive. The voluntarist worries support the view that special obligations can only be acquired through the voluntary actions of the agent whose obligations they are. In this literature, the debate is described as being between those who accept associationism and those who accept cosmopolitanism.

If natural duties are not to be rendered obligations of role or position, we need to be told why being a moral agent is not a role, but being an American is. According to this option, in addition to whatever natural duties we have, we have only those further obligations that we have acquired through explicit promises or contracts. Keller's critique only works to the extent that he is right about the nature of our duties to our friends. Another move that the consequentialist can make is to claim that each person taking care of her own intimates or keeping her own promises is an intrinsically valuable state of affairs.

All that such an appeal does is to propose a causal hypothesis about the genesis of our beliefs. But these connections can also exist in the interpersonal case, e. However, there will be other times such that our special obligations are weighty enough that we ought to do that which, in other circumstances, would be immoral for us to do.