The Ghetto Underclass by William Julius Wilson download in pdf, ePub, iPad
Part of his motivation comes from the sense that people left out of the American dream deserve his support. Accompanying this increase of poverty was a sharp growth of single-parent households. The deserving poor are presumed to be law-abiding members of society rather than malingerers, cheats, and deviants. Wilson is probably on closer personal terms with more major university presidents than almost any other professor in the United States.
They indicate that Americans tend to be far more concerned about the duties or social obligations of the poor, particularly the welfare poor, than about their social rights as American citizens. The focus of the new controversy is centering around the emphasis on culture and behavior in the current research on the ghetto underclass. The individualistic explanation of poverty, then, far from being universal, seems peculiarly Anglo-American.
Ghetto families were described as resilient and were seen as imaginatively adapting to an oppressive racist society. Whatever accommodations they themselves must make to the negative realities which dominant their own lives, they know conscious or unconsciously that their fate is not the fate of mankind. In the dominant American belief system on poverty and welfare a distinction is made between the deserving poor, that is the needy, and the undeserving poor.
Liberal intellectuals had retreated from a discussion of social dislocations in inner-city ghettos and therefore had no alternative explanations to advance. After surviving on public assistance, his mother earned a living as a housekeeper. Arguments proclaiming the deterioration of the poor black family were dismissed in favor of those extolling the virtues and strengths of black families. Ghetto-specific practices such as overt emphasis on sexuality, idleness, and public drinking do not go free of denunciation in inner-city ghetto neighborhoods.