The Rise of the Western World by Douglass C. North download in pdf, ePub, iPad
They were simply attempting to fill the power vacuum in Europe that Britain and France unwittingly left. Thus, much of the learning of classical antiquity was slowly reintroduced to European civilization in the centuries following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
New ideas and beliefs spread around Europe and were fostered by an increase in literacy due to a departure from solely religious texts. Germany also wanted to make a change in the equilibrium, and this common desire to get rid of the old equilibrium had created the basis for the rapprochement with Germany.
Europe fell into political anarchy, with many warring kingdoms and principalities. The process was accompanied and reinforced by the Age of Discovery and continued into the modern period.
Orthodox Christian Christianity and the Nicene Creed served as a unifying force in Christian parts of Europe, and in some respects replaced or competed with the secular authorities. In the Catholic or Frankish west, Roman law became the foundation on which all legal concepts and systems were based. Some cultural and artistic modalities are characteristically Western in origin and form. The Joint Chiefs of Staff however, predicted that after the German defeat, the Russians would be able to impose whatever territorial settlement they wanted in Central Europe and the Balkans.
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